Thailand - Ports
The Port Authority of Thailand (PAT) is a state corporation of Thailand, responsible for the regulation and governance of the ports of Thailand, primarily the ports of Laem Chabang and Bangkok
Port, the country's two largest. PAT operates Thai
ports in conjunction with public companies including Hutchison Ports Thailand and PSA
PAT was founded by the Port Authority of Thailand Act 1951 as an autonomous government agency under the
jurisdiction of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications. In 1961
construction was begun on the port of Laem Chabang, due to overcrowding at
Bangkok Port. By 1997 Laem Chabang had become the country's busiest seaport. In
2000 the Port Authority of Thailand was converted from a government agency to a
state corporation by amendment to the Port Authority of Thailand Act 1951.
under the governance of PAT include those of Bangkok, Laem Chabang, Chiang Saen, Chiang Khong, Ranong,
as well as the Bangkok Coastal and Barge Domestic Terminal.
In FY2016 PAT ports handled 9,379
vessel calls, down 1.8 percent from FY2015. Total cargo volume was 93.4 million
tons, down two percent. Container throughput was 8.6 million TEUs,
up 2.7 percent.
A. Laem Chabang Port
Laem Chabang Port, located in the eastern part of
Thailand, covered an area of 2,572 Acres, is the main deep sea port of Thailand
that offers universal services in order to exchange goods worldwide.
In FY2016 Laem
Chabang had 6,312 vessel calls, up 0.11 percent over FY2015, to 72.3 million
tons, down 1.5 percent. Cargo volume totalled seven million TEUs, up 4.2
It consists of several minor ports that provide
services as follows:
Seven container terminals
One multipurpose terminal
One Ro/Ro terminal
One passengers and Ro/Ro terminal
One general cargo terminal
One shipyard terminal
Laem Chabang Port
also handle extra large ships (Super Post Panamax). The Port Authority of
Thailand is responsible for the whole port, while it lets private sectors to
contract the operational function which is called “Landlord Port”. Laem Chabang
Port is one of the highest (trading) growth rates in the world; rated World Top
Container Port by the world’s leading magazine such as Loylld List etc.
With the intention to
develop Laem Chabang Port to be entitled one of the World Class Port; all
requirements to meet the high standard service provision have to be
implemented. Some of the implementations are as follows:
1. Increase the
service capacity to ensure all services as mentioned are achieved.
2. Utilize port area
to also support other relevant activities.
4. Employ modern
technology to function docking field and yard operation.
5. Initiate new
projects and activities to fulfill and cover all services requirements such as
Container Care Centre Project.
The geographical location of Thailand
is bonded with neighboring countries such as Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, and
Malaysia and also has the access to China and Vietnam. It acts as a gateway to
South East Asia region. It has an advantage of its large hinterland, therefore,
the port has high capacity to develop to be a gateway port by inviting those
neighboring countries to be its hinterland.
Laem Chabang Port has the modern state-of-art
infrastructure and hi-technology facilities to support all services. It is
capable to handle largest vessels (Post Panamax). It has sufficient supporting
areas for docking operations and related activities. Moreover, the port is
nerved by network of highways, railways, and waterways; connecting both the
country regions and neighboring countries.